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A year-old man underwent low anterior resection for rectal cancer in December Adjuvant chemotherapy with Tegaful-Uracil and Folinate was performed. He was diagnosed as having liver metastases in S8 and S4 by follow-up abdominal computed tomography in Mayand underwent laparoscopic partial hepatectomy. Because the lesion was suspected to be an adenocarcinoma by histological examination, transanal resection was performed in March
Endoscopic submucosal dissection ESD was performed for early rectal cancer in a year-old man [ Fig. The bulky tumor occupied nearly half of the lumen. When the endoscope was reinserted into the rectum, the specimen was grasped with the retrieval net.
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Colorectal cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in the world 1. Incolorectal cancer was the leading cause of cancer-associated mortality in Japanese women and the third leading cause in Japanese men 2. The biology of colorectal carcinoma may differ by location and it remains unclear whether carcinoma of the colon caecum to sigmoid and rectum should be considered as a single entity or as two distinct entities 3.
Set-Valued and Variational Analysis. Generalized split feasibility problems governed by generalized hybrid mappings are studied via iterative methods. Several algorithms are introduced to solve them.
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Masao Horima, Honorary President of the Symposium, Siegfried Hofmann from the MPI of Metal Research based in Stuttgart, Germany, gave an excellent summary of the definitions as well as the analytical figures of merit of surface analytical methods, and this was a good point of reference for the whole conference as it gave all participants the same language for discussions and inter-comparisons. Additionally, he described the state of the art of Auger spectroscopy and highlighted the needs for future applications. Dowsett, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, UK, demonstrated using selected applications the advantages of ultra-low energy SIMS to overcome beam-induced atomic mixing in the upper layers, thus improving the depth resolution significantly. Renate Gijbels co-author Annemie Bogaerts; see their article in JAAS 1University of Antwerp, Belgium, discussed recent results of theoretical calculations of technical and analytical glow discharges, among which are rf-discharges as well as those in which flowing gases dominate the transport of ions by diffusion to the walls.